• Defend: Our Mission

    To control the growing LSD and ASF epidemics in Europe and neighbouring countries by understanding the drivers of LSDV and ASFV emergence, and by generating research outputs which underpin novel diagnostic tools and vaccines, and authenticate appropriate and rapid responses by decision-makers.

  • The DEFEND consortium targeted two viruses of livestock which are emerging into Europe – African swine fever virus (ASFV) and lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV).

    African swine fever is a highly contagious disease of swine which causes a haemorrhagic death in up to 100% of pigs in a herd. In 2007 the virus was imported into the Caucasus, from where it has spread throughout eastern Europe. In 2018-19 the disease entered and spread throughout Asia, causing the deaths of millions of pigs and threatening the food security of the region.

    Lumpy skin disease is a disease of cattle. It has been spread steadily north and east over the past 20 years from Africa through the Middle East, Russia and Asia.

    Many of the European and neighbouring countries affected or threatened by ASF and/or LSD were represented on the DEFEND consortium.

  • Defend: Our Funders

    DEFEND was a Horizon 2020 project running from 2018 to 2023. This research received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under agreement No 773701.

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