To control the growing LSD and ASF epidemics in Europe and neighbouring countries by understanding the drivers of LSDV and ASFV emergence, and by generating research outputs which underpin novel diagnostic tools and vaccines, and authenticate appropriate and rapid responses by decision-makers.
African swine fever is a highly contagious disease of swine which causes a haemorrhagic death in up to 100% of pigs in a herd. In 2007 the virus was imported into the Caucasus, from where it has spread throughout eastern Europe. In 2018-19 the disease entered and spread throughout Asia, causing the deaths of millions of pigs and threatening the food security of the region.
Lumpy Skin Disease is a disease of cattle. It has been spread steadily north over the past 20 years from Africa through the Middle East and the eastern Mediterranean region. It entered Europe, the Balkans and Caucasus in 2014-16. The virus is an immediate and serious threat to cattle in Europe and eastern and central Asia.
Many of the European and neighbouring countries affected or threatened by ASF and/or LSD are represented on the DEFEND consortium.