• Defend: Our Mission

    To control the growing LSD and ASF epidemics in Europe and neighbouring countries by understanding the drivers of LSDV and ASFV emergence, and by generating research outputs which underpin novel diagnostic tools and vaccines, and authenticate appropriate and rapid responses by decision-makers.

  • The DEFEND consortium will target two viruses of livestock which are emerging into Europe – African swine fever virus (ASFV) and lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV).



    African swine fever is a highly contagious disease of swine which causes a haemorrhagic and death in up to 100% of pigs in a herd. In 2007 the virus was imported into the Caucasus, from where it has spread throughout eastern Europe to the Czech Republic and Romania.

    Lumpy Skin Disease is a disease of cattle. It has been spread steadily north over the past 20 years from Africa through the Middle East and the eastern Mediterranean region. It entered Europe, the Balkans and Caucasus in 2014-16. The virus is an immediate and serious threat to cattle in Europe and eastern and central Asia.

    Many of the European and neighbouring countries affected or threatened by ASF and/or LSD are represented on the DEFEND consortium.

  • Defend: Our Funders

    DEFEND is a Horizon 2020 project running from 2018 to 2023. This research received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under agreement No 773701.

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